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A New Testament Eschatological Study of Greek Mello – Part One

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A New Testament Eschatological Study of Greek
Part One – “mello” [μέλλω]

Strong – G3195
μέλλω
mellō
mel’-lo
A strengthened form of G3199 (through the idea of expectation); to intend, that is, be about to be, do, or suffer something (of persons or things, especially events; in the sense of purpose, duty, necessity, probability, possibility, or hesitation): – about, after that, be (almost), (that which is, things, + which was for) to come, intend, was to (be), mean, mind, be at the point, (be) ready, + return, shall (begin), (which, that) should (after, afterwards, hereafter) tarry, which was for, will, would, be yet.

Thayer – G3195
μέλλω
mellō
Thayer Definition:
1) to be about
1a) to be on the point of doing or suffering something
1b) to intend, have in mind, think to
Part of Speech: verb
A Related Word by Thayer’s/Strong’s Number: a strengthened form of G3199 (through the idea of expectation)

King James Concordance – Total KJV Occurrences: 82

should, 25
Mar_10:32, Luk_9:31, Luk_19:11, Luk_22:23, Luk_24:21, Joh_6:71, Joh_7:39, Joh_11:51, Joh_12:4, Joh_12:33, Joh_18:32, Act_11:28, Act_19:27, Act_20:38, Act_22:29, Act_23:27, Act_26:22-23 (2), Act_28:6, Gal_3:23, 1Th_3:4, 1Ti_1:16, Heb_11:8, 2Pe_2:6, Rev_6:11
come, 17
Mat_3:7, Mat_12:32, Luk_3:7, Act_24:25, Rom_5:14, Rom_8:38, 1Co_3:22, Eph_1:21, Col_2:17, 1Ti_4:8, 1Ti_6:19, Heb_6:5 (2), Heb_9:11, Heb_10:1, Heb_11:20, Heb_13:14
would, 9
Luk_10:1, Joh_6:6, Joh_6:15, Act_12:6, Act_16:27, Act_23:15, Act_23:20, Act_25:4, Act_27:30
will, 6
Mat_2:13, Joh_7:35 (2), Act_17:31, Act_27:10, Rev_3:16
about, 5
Act_3:3, Act_18:14, Act_20:3, Heb_8:5, Rev_10:4
ready, 4
Luk_7:2, Act_20:7, Rev_3:2, Rev_12:4
after, 3
Luk_13:9, Heb_11:8, 2Pe_2:6
almost, 1
Act_21:27
at, 1
Joh_4:47
begin, 1
Rev_10:7
coming, 1
Act_27:33
hereafter, 1
1Ti_1:16
intend, 1
Act_5:35
intending, 1
Act_20:13
meaning, 1
Act_27:2
minding, 1
Act_20:13
point, 1
Joh_4:47
tarriest, 1
Act_22:16
time, 1
1Ti_6:19
yet, 1
Rev_8:13

Concordance to the Greek Scriptures – G3195
Total Occurrences: 124

εμελλεν (7)
Luk_9:31, Luk_10:1, Joh_6:6, Joh_11:51, Act_12:6, Act_16:27, Act_27:33
εμελλον (3)
Joh_7:39, Act_21:27, Rev_10:4
ημελλεν (7)
Luk_7:2, Luk_19:4, Joh_4:47, Joh_6:71, Joh_12:33, Joh_18:32, Heb_11:8
μελλει (17)
Mat_2:13, Mat_16:27, Mat_17:12, Mat_17:22, Luk_9:44, Luk_19:11, Joh_7:35 (2), Act_17:31, Act_23:3, Act_26:23, Rom_4:24, Rev_1:19, Rev_2:10, Rev_3:2, Rev_12:5, Rev_17:8
μελλειν (7)
Act_11:28, Act_19:27, Act_23:30, Act_24:15, Act_25:4, Act_27:10, Act_28:6
μελλεις (4)
Joh_14:22, Act_22:16, Act_22:26, Rev_2:10
μελλετε (2)
Act_5:35, Rom_8:13
μελλη (3)
Mar_13:4, Luk_21:7, Rev_10:7
μελλησετε (1)
Mat_24:6
μελλομεν (1)
1Th_3:4
μελλον (2)
Luk_13:9, 1Ti_6:19
μελλοντα (6)
Mar_10:32, Luk_21:36, Act_13:34, Act_23:27, Rom_8:38, 1Co_3:22
μελλοντας (3)
Act_3:3, Act_23:15, Heb_1:14
μελλοντες (6)
Act_20:13, Act_22:29, Act_23:20, Act_27:2, Jam_2:12, Rev_6:11
μελλοντι (3)
Mat_12:32, Act_20:3, Eph_1:21
μελλοντος (6)
Act_18:14, Act_24:25, Rom_5:14, 2Ti_4:1, Heb_6:5, Heb_10:27
μελλοντων (9)
Act_26:22, Act_27:30, Col_2:17, 1Ti_1:16, Heb_9:11, Heb_10:1, Heb_11:20, 2Pe_2:6, Rev_8:13
μελλουσαν (4)
Rom_8:18, Gal_3:23, Heb_2:5, Heb_13:14
μελλουσης (6)
Mat_3:7, Luk_3:7, 1Ti_4:8, 1Pe_5:1, Rev_3:10, Rev_12:4
μελλουσιν (2)
Joh_6:15, Act_20:38
μελλω (16)
Gen_25:22, Gen_43:25, Exo_4:12, Job_3:8, Job_19:25, Job_26:2, Psa_65:1, Pro_15:18, Isa_15:7, Isa_28:24, Isa_47:13, Isa_48:6, Isa_59:5, Jer_29:10, Mat_20:22, Rev_3:16
μελλων (9)
Mat_11:14, Luk_22:23, Luk_24:21, Joh_12:4, Act_20:7, Act_20:13, Act_21:37, Act_26:2, Heb_8:5

NT GREEK Concordance

Mat_2:13 Mat_3:7 Mat_11:14 Mat_12:32 Mat_16:27 Mat_17:12 Mat_17:22 Mat_20:22 Mat_24:6 Mar_10:32 Mar_13:4 Luk_3:7 Luk_7:2 Luk_9:31 Luk_9:44 Luk_10:1 Luk_13:9 Luk_19:4 Luk_19:11 Luk_21:7 Luk_21:36 Luk_22:23 Luk_24:21 Joh_4:47 Joh_6:6 Joh_6:15 Joh_6:71 Joh_7:35 Joh_7:39 Joh_11:51 Joh_12:4 Joh_12:33 Joh_14:22 Joh_18:32 Act_3:3 Act_5:35 Act_11:28 Act_12:6 Act_13:34 Act_16:27 Act_17:31 Act_18:14 Act_19:27 Act_20:3 Act_20:7 Act_20:13 Act_20:38 Act_21:27 Act_21:37 Act_22:16 Act_22:26 Act_22:29 Act_23:3 Act_23:15 Act_23:20 Act_23:27 Act_23:30 Act_24:15 Act_24:25 Act_25:4 Act_26:2 Act_26:22-23 Act_27:2 Act_27:10 Act_27:30 Act_27:33 Act_28:6 Rom_4:24 Rom_5:14 Rom_8:13 Rom_8:18 Rom_8:38 1Co_3:22 Gal_3:23 Eph_1:21 Col_2:17 1Th_3:4 1Ti_1:16 1Ti_4:8 1Ti_6:19 2Ti_4:1 Heb_1:14 Heb_2:5 Heb_6:5 Heb_8:5 Heb_9:11 Heb_10:1 Heb_10:27 Heb_11:8 Heb_11:20 Heb_13:14 Jam_2:12 1Pe_5:1 2Pe_2:6 Rev_1:19 Rev_2:10 Rev_3:2 Rev_3:10 Rev_3:16 Rev_6:11 Rev_8:13 Rev_10:4 Rev_10:7 Rev_12:4 Rev 12:5 Rev_17:8

Orange Verse Headers = Eschatological or Time/imminency statements involving “mello”
Blue Verse Headers = General Instances of “mello”
Red Scripture Text = Words of Christ

Original study text in purple by Donald Hochner, copied from http://www.ecclesia.org/truth/mello.html)
(with additional scripture references and comments in green by Kingdom Christian)

This is the first of five articles examining the Greek words as used in the Bible. I want to share with you why the full Preterist position is consistent with the Scripture, especially these passages that speak of things about to come. We are going to look into the lexicons with the Greek word “mello” (with its root words) which means “to be about to be, to be the point of doing” (Analytical Greek Lexicon, p. 262; Arndt, p. 500; Thayer, p. 396). I think this word “mello” is one of the most neglected English translations (NASB, KJV, NIV, etc.) of the eschatological passages in the NT. I was shocked to find out about this. The English translators may be guilty of removing or distorting God’s Holy Word (Deut. 4:2). I believe it is because of the futurists’ views that have affected or influenced translations of the Bible. This is pure eisegesis.

I would recommend you to check some books in Greek and English with the interlinear translation, “The New Englishman’s Concordance and Lexicon” and “Young’s Literal Translation of the Holy Bible.” These books may be very helpful for you. You will see why.
Mat 2:13 And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will [mello: IS ABOUT TO] seek the young child to destroy him.

Mat 3:7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath [mello: ABOUT] to come? (In this context, John the Baptist was preaching to the Jewish people. He warned the Jewish religious leaders about God’s wrath to come shortly and it happened in 66-70 AD (3 1/2 years). The Old Covenant temple and the city of Jerusalem were destroyed by the Roman armies. Many Jewish people had been completely scattered or killed and all these things were fulfilled in 70 AD. See Daniel 12:7-13 and Luke 21:5-36.)

Mat 11:14 And if ye will receive it, this is Elias, which was for [mello: ABOUT] to come.

Mat 12:32 And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world [mello: ABOUT] to come. (Why did Jesus say it shall not be forgiven, either in this age OR the age about to come? He is speaking of sins committed in the time before the destruction of the Jewish temple before 70 AD (“this age”) and afterward (“the age to come”). We will study the Greek word “age” which is “aion” in Part Five.)

Mat 16:27-28 For the Son of man shall [mello: is ABOUT to] come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works. Verily I say unto you, There be some standing here, which shall not taste of death, till they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom. (These passages are the most clear and straightforward from the mouth of Jesus Christ, otherwise He is a false prophet. This is why I believe Jesus returned in the glory of His Father with the angels to take the Kingdom away from God’s enemies and give it back to His Father who now is all in all.)

Mat 17:12 But I say unto you, That Elias is come already, and they knew him not, but have done unto him whatsoever they listed. Likewise shall also the Son of man [mello: is ABOUT to] suffer of them.

Mat 17:22 And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said unto them, The Son of man shall [mello: is ABOUT to] be betrayed into the hands of men:

Mat 20:22 But Jesus answered and said, Ye know not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink of the cup that I shall [mello: am ABOUT to] drink of, and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with? They say unto him, We are able.

Mat 24:6 And ye shall [mello: are ABOUT to] hear of wars and rumours of wars: see that ye be not troubled: for all these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet. (Jesus was speaking to His disciples in their GENERATION. (Matt. 24:34 Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled.) (See Part Two study of “genea.”)

Mar 10:32 And they were in the way going up to Jerusalem; and Jesus went before them: and they were amazed; and as they followed, they were afraid. And he took again the twelve, and began to tell them what things should [mello: WERE ABOUT TO] happen unto him,

Mar 13:4 Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign when all these things shall [mello: are ABOUT to] be fulfilled?

Luk 3:7 Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath [mello: ABOUT] to come?

Luk 7:2 And a certain centurion’s servant, who was dear unto him, was sick, and ready [mello: ABOUT] to die.  (Proper translation, non-eschatological passage.)

Luk 9:31 Who appeared in glory, and spake of his decease which he should [mello: was ABOUT to] accomplish at Jerusalem.

Luk 9:44 Let these sayings sink down into your ears: for the Son of man shall [mello: is ABOUT to] be delivered into the hands of men.

Luk 10:1 After these things the Lord appointed other seventy also, and sent them two and two before his face into every city and place, whither he himself would [mello: was ABOUT to] come.

Luk 13:9 And if it bear fruit, well: and if not, then after that thou shalt [mello: not TARRY/HESITATE to] cut it down.

Luk 19:4 And he ran before, and climbed up into a sycomore tree to see him: for he was [mello: ABOUT] to pass that way.

Luk 19:11 And as they heard these things, he added and spake a parable, because he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because they thought that the kingdom of God should [mello: was ABOUT to] immediately [parachrema: INSTANTLY] appear.

Luk 21:7 And they asked him, saying, Master, but when shall these things be? and what sign will there be when these things shall [mello: are ABOUT to] come to pass?

Luk 21:36 Watch ye therefore, and pray always, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that shall [mello: are ABOUT to] come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man. (The removal of “about to” here is complete eisegesis. The presence of “ye” several places in this chapter indicates Christ was speaking directly to his disciples, not to us or future third parties.)

Luk 22:23 And they began to enquire among themselves, which of them it was that should [mello: was ABOUT to] do this thing.

Luk 24:21 But we trusted that it had been he which should [mello: was ABOUT to] have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done.

Joh 4:47 When he heard that Jesus was come out of Judaea into Galilee, he went unto him, and besought him that he would come down, and heal his son: for he was at the point of death. [mello apothnesko] (Properly translated version of mello and apothnesko together, non-eschatological passage.)

Joh 6:6 And this he said to prove him: for he himself knew what he would [mello: was ABOUT to] do.

Joh 6:15 When Jesus therefore perceived that they would [mello: were ABOUT to] come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again into a mountain himself alone.

Joh 6:71 He spake of Judas Iscariot the son of Simon: for he it was that should [mello: was ABOUT to] betray him, being one of the twelve.

Joh 7:35 Then said the Jews among themselves, Whither will he [mello: is he ABOUT to] go, that we shall not find him? will he go unto the dispersed among the Gentiles, and teach the Gentiles?

Joh 7:39 (But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should [mello: were ABOUT to] receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.)

Joh 11:51 And this spake he not of himself: but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should [mello: was ABOUT to] die for that nation;

Joh 12:4 Then saith one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, which should [mello: was ABOUT to] betray him,

Joh 12:33 This he said, signifying what death he should [mello: was ABOUT to] die.

Joh 14:22 Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that thou wilt [mello: are ABOUT to] manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world?

Joh 18:32 That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should [mello: was ABOUT to] die.

Act 3:3 Who seeing Peter and John about [mello: ABOUT] to go into the temple asked an alms. (A perfectly rendered instance of mello! Another non-eschatological verse.)

Act 5:35 And said unto them, Ye men of Israel, take heed to yourselves what ye intend [mello: are ABOUT] to do as touching these men. (Intend is acceptable here, but does not precisely convey the sense of intense urgency and imminence clearly evident in the context of this passage. They were preparing to slay these disciples.)

Act 11:28 And there stood up one of them named Agabus, and signified by the Spirit that there should [mello: was ABOUT to] be great dearth throughout all the world: which came to pass in the days of Claudius Caesar.

Act 12:6 And when Herod would have brought [mello: was ABOUT to bring] him forth, the same night Peter was sleeping between two soldiers, bound with two chains: and the keepers before the door kept the prison.

Act 13:34 And as concerning that he raised him up from the dead, now no more to [maketi mello: no longer have in mind to, no more intend to] return to corruption, he said on this wise, I will give you the sure mercies of David.

Act 16:27 And the keeper of the prison awaking out of his sleep, and seeing the prison doors open, he drew out his sword, and would [mello: was ABOUT to] have killed himself, supposing that the prisoners had been fled.

Act 17:31 Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will [mello: is ABOUT to] judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead. (Paul made it very clear that God was ABOUT to judge the world in his generation. This is a strong case for the Preterist view of Scripture.)

Act 18:14 And when Paul was now about to [mello: ABOUT to] open his mouth, Gallio said unto the Jews, If it were a matter of wrong or wicked lewdness, O ye Jews, reason would that I should bear with you: (Another rare, but perfect rendering of mello here.  Again, a non-eschatological passage.)

Act 19:27 So that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should be despised, and her magnificence should [mello kai: is ABOUT to] be destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worshippeth. (What is interesting here is that the english phrase “should be” is rendered twice in this verse, yet only the second instance contains the Greek “mello.”  These generic, “time-neutral” words such as “shall” and “should” are useless in conveying the true sense of urgency when the context clearly demands that urgency and imminence are both evident.  It is odd that in other passages, such as Acts 18:14 above, the translators have no problem rendering “mello” as “about to.”) 

Act 20:3 And there abode three months. And when the Jews laid wait for him, as he was about to [mello: ABOUT to] sail into Syria, he purposed to return through Macedonia. (Perfect rendering of mello here.  Non-eschatological passage.)

Act 20:7 And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to [mello: ABOUT to] depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight. (Perfectly acceptable rendering in proper context. Non-eschatological passage.)

Act 20:13 And we went before to ship, and sailed unto Assos, there intending [mello: ABOUT, INTENDING] to take in Paul: for so had he appointed, minding himself to go afoot. (Proper rendering of mello here as “intending.” “About to” would work also. Non-eschatological passage.)

Act 20:38 Sorrowing most of all for the words which he spake, that they should [mello: were ABOUT to] see his face no more. And they accompanied him unto the ship.

Act 21:27 And when the seven days were almost [mello: ABOUT to be] ended, the Jews which were of Asia, when they saw him in the temple, stirred up all the people, and laid hands on him, (Acceptable rendering of mello here as “almost.” Still conveys imminency. Non-eschatological passage.)

Act 21:37 And as Paul was to [mello: ABOUT to] be led into the castle, he said unto the chief captain, May I speak unto thee? Who said, Canst thou speak Greek?

Act 22:16 And now why tarriest [mello: HESITATE, TARRY, DELAY] thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord. (“Tarriest” is a proper contextual rendering of mello here. The concept of “about to” rightly indicates and agrees with “tarry,” “hesitation,” or “delay,” but not multi-millenial, indefinite suspension!)

Act 22:26 When the centurion heard that, he went and told the chief captain, saying, Take heed what thou doest [mello poieo: are ABOUT to do]: for this man is a Roman.

Act 22:29 Then straightway they departed from him which should [mello: were ABOUT to] have examined him: and the chief captain also was afraid, after he knew that he was a Roman, and because he had bound him.

Act 23:3 Then said Paul unto him, God shall [mello: is ABOUT to] smite thee, thou whited wall: for sittest thou to judge me after the law, and commandest me to be smitten contrary to the law?

Act 23:15 Now therefore ye with the council signify to the chief captain that he bring him down unto you to morrow, as though ye would [mello: were ABOUT to] enquire something more perfectly concerning him: and we, or ever he come near, are ready to kill him.

Act 23:20 And he said, The Jews have agreed to desire thee that thou wouldest bring down Paul to morrow into the council, as though they would [mello: were ABOUT to] enquire somewhat of him more perfectly.

Act 23:27 This man was taken of the Jews, and should [mello: was ABOUT to] have been killed of them: then came I with an army, and rescued him, having understood that he was a Roman.

Act 23:30 And when it was told me how that the Jews laid wait for the man [epiboule eis ho aner mello esomai hupo ho Ioudiaous: “of a plot against the man about to be carried out by the Jews”], I sent straightway to thee, and gave commandment to his accusers also to say before thee what they had against him. Farewell.

Act 24:14-15 But this I confess unto thee, that after the way which they call heresy, so worship I the God of my fathers, believing all things which are written in the law and in the prophets: And have hope toward God, which they themselves also allow, that there shall [mello: is ABOUT to] be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust. (Again, Paul made it very clear. He was expecting everything that [was] written to be fulfilled very soon in his lifetime including the resurrection. Throughout the NT, we have seen the proclamation of the fulfillment of Israel’s promises for the gospel going “to the Jews first, then the Greek”; the on-going Post-Pentecost transition from the Old Covenant to the New which is a pervasive and emphatic testimony for first century imminence of the time of the end.)

Act 24:25 And as he reasoned of righteousness, temperance, and judgment [mello: ABOUT] to come, Felix trembled, and answered, Go thy way for this time; when I have a convenient season, I will call for thee.  (Young’s Literal Translation renders it “and the judgment that is about to be.” Felix didn’t tremble and send Paul away because of a judgment that was “to come” at some unknown, far distant undetermined time…he was afraid because Paul clearly and distinctly proclaimed it WAS ABOUT TO COME!)

Act 25:4 But Festus answered, that Paul should be kept at Caesarea, and that he himself would [mello: was ABOUT to] depart shortly thither.

Act 26:2 I think myself happy, king Agrippa, because I shall [mello: am ABOUT to] answer for myself this day before thee touching all the things whereof I am accused of the Jews:

Act 26:22-23 Having therefore obtained help of God, I continue unto this day, witnessing both to small and great, saying none other things than those which the prophets and Moses did say should [mello: are ABOUT to] come: That Christ should suffer, and that he should be the first that should rise from the dead, and should [mello: is ABOUT to] shew light unto the people, and to the Gentiles. (The things which were prophesied by Moses and the prophets were not related by THEM with a sense of imminency. However, for Paul, they WERE now imminent, as the appointed time for their fulfillment had drawn near. The use of “should” here is probably acceptable, as is “would” because, from the perspectives of the Old Testament prophets, these things were NOT imminent with regard to THEIR TIME. On the other hand, this is a MAJOR PROPHETIC STATEMENT by Paul that CLEARLY indicates he believed “those [things] which the prophets and Moses did say” are ABOUT TO COME! Clearly, Christ had already shown light with his message of the kingdom and by his miraculous life and resurrection, but it was now about to come in perfect fullness and radiance with the judgment, vengeance of the martyrs, resurrection, and kingdom establishment all happening at the same time…the Parousia in A.D. 70 where “all things that are written may be fulfilled.”)

Act 27:2 And entering into a ship of Adramyttium, we launched, meaning [mello: being ABOUT] to sail by the coasts of Asia; one Aristarchus, a Macedonian of Thessalonica, being with us. (“Meaning” or “intending” is acceptable for mello here. But Young’s Literal translates it as “being about to.”)

Act 27:10 And said unto them, Sirs, I perceive that this voyage will [mello: is ABOUT to] be with hurt and much damage, not only of the lading and ship, but also of our lives. (The translation of “will” for mello here is just too vague.)

Act 27:30 And as the shipmen were about to flee [zeteo pheugo: were seeking to flee] out of the ship, when they had let down the boat into the sea, under colour as though they would [mello: were ABOUT to] have cast anchors out of the foreship, (Curiously, the KJV translators render “zeteo pheugo” in the first portion of the passage as “were about to flee,” and then in the latter portion, they completely ignore “about to” and render “mello” vaguely as “would.” Why the inconsistency?)

Act 27:33 And while the day was coming on [mello: ABOUT to begin], Paul besought them all to take meat, saying, This day is the fourteenth day that ye have tarried and continued fasting, having taken nothing. (Nothing wrong with “coming on” here, just showing another example where “about to” works equally well.)

Act 28:6 Howbeit they looked when he should [mello: was ABOUT to] have swollen, or fallen down dead suddenly: but after they had looked a great while, and saw no harm come to him, they changed their minds, and said that he was a god. (Young’s Literal translates this as “when they were expecting him to about to be inflamed.”)

Rom 4:24 But for us also, to whom it shall [mello: is ABOUT to] be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead;

Rom 5:14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam’s transgression, who is the figure of him that was [mello: is ABOUT] to come. (Young’s translates this portion of the passage as “who is a type of him who is coming.”)

Rom 8:13 For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall [mello: are ABOUT to] die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live. (It is interesting to note that the KJV translators used “shall” in two places in this verse. Only the first instance involves mello. The second instance could rightly be translated “ye live” since mello is not present here in the text.)

Rom 8:18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall [mello: is ABOUT to] be revealed in us. (It is important to read the whole context of this passage in Rom 8:18-25.)

Rom 8:38-39 For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things [mello: ABOUT] to come, Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord. (Notice things present (Mosaic Age) and things about to come (Messianic Age) are associated with death, life, angels, etc. which shall not able to separate us from the love of God.)

1Cor 3:21-23 Therefore let no man glory in men. For all things are yours; Whether Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or life, or death, or things present, or things [mello: ABOUT] to come; all are yours; And ye are Christ’s; and Christ is God’s. (This is the very same message given in Rom 8:38-39 speaking of the Old and New Covenant “things present, or things ABOUT to come.”)

Gal 3:23 But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards [mello: ABOUT to] be revealed.

Eph 1:21 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is [mello: ABOUT] to come: (It is very important to understand the meaning of “this age” (Old Covenant) and “the age about to come” (New Covenant) because it is the Jewish interpretation of eschatology. You will see this in Part Five.)

Col 2:16-17 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the Sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things [mello: ABOUT] to come; but the body is of Christ. (These passages are the most important to understand the Old Covenant (Jewish festivals, ceremonial, promises, etc.) which was about to be completed in Christ. Some futurists believe all these things were completed at the cross, but it was not at the time of Paul’s writing. So, obviously we don’t practice these things for today because they were done away with in 70 AD.)

1Th 3:4 For verily, when we were with you, we told you before that we should [mello: were ABOUT to] suffer tribulation; even as it came to pass, and ye know.

1Ti 1:16 Howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might shew forth all longsuffering, for a pattern to them which should hereafter [mello: are ABOUT to] believe on him to life everlasting.

1Ti 4:8 For bodily exercise profiteth little: but godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise of the life that now is, and of that which is [mello: ABOUT] to come.

1Ti 6:19 Laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time [mello: ABOUT] to come, that they may lay hold on eternal life.

2Ti 4:1 I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall [mello: is ABOUT to] judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom; (This verse would close the case against the Futurist’s views. At Christ’s return the wicked were judged and cast into eternal torment, the same place where all other wicked go at death. The righteous inherited resurrection life back in the presence of God for the first time since Adam, the representative of the human race, lost it in the Garden. Resurrection life is Paradise restored (Rev. 2:7). Jesus (the tree of life) gave us the eternal life.)

Heb 1:13-14 But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool? Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall [mello: are ABOUT to] be heirs of salvation? (Christ crushed the head of all enemies even Death, and sat down at the right hand of His Father to reign eternally, whose kingdom shall have no end. Notice all the saints since the Fall are ABOUT to inherit salvation (redemption) in heaven.) (Dr. Michael Brown, Messianic Jewish Scholar, in his debate with Dr. Don Preston in June 2014, argued a futurist position, stating that, since death was still present on the earth, Christ must not have come. In doing so, Dr. Brown DIRECTLY belittles and denies the efficacy of the work of Christ in crushing the enemy of death, both at the cross and at his coming in AD70. This is the standard futurist modus operandi…to constantly demand literal fulfillments of spiritual truths.)

Heb 2:5 For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world [mello: ABOUT] to come, whereof we speak. (The Hebrew writer was discussing the Mosaic age that was “put into effect through angels” (Acts 7:53 “Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have not kept it.”). The new covenant world would be in subjection to Jesus, not angels. Note that the writer wrote to the first century audience “concerning which we are speaking.” They did not see everything subject in Jesus THEN because the 70 AD judgment had not yet occurred.)

Heb 6:5 And have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world [mello: ABOUT] to come, (Also, the Greek “aion” here is mistranslated as “world.” But it really should consistently be translated “age.”)

Heb 8:5 Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to [mello: ABOUT to] make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount. (It is interesting to see mello properly translated as “about to” in passages where there is no possible eschatological significance, but elsewhere translated as something eschatologically neutral or futurist.)

Heb 9:11 But Christ being come an high priest of good things [mello: ABOUT] to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building; (Read in Heb. 8:6-13, 9:8-12, 15. At the time of writing, the earthly temple was still there and Christ the High Priest had not yet been disclosed from the holy place in heaven. In the OT, the high priest sacrificed the animal and then brought the blood into the holy of holies on the Day of Atonement. When the high priest came out of the holy of holies, the actual atonement had been made (Leviticus 16:16-18). But the blood of bulls and goats did not take away sins (Heb. 10:4). Jesus already came out of the holy place and brought all of His elect into the glory of God in heaven. That is why all the elect, physical, Israel were saved by the time the Parousia took place at the destruction of the Temple as it is written in Rom. 11:5, 25-29 (c.f. Heb. 9:15, 28). Since then, all of God’s elect are no longer subject to Death (condemnation) and Hades (separation from God’s presence). I believe at death the elect shed their physical bodies, and continue living in their spiritual immortal bodies with God in heaven forever.)

Heb 10:1 For the law having a shadow of good things [mello: ABOUT] to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect. (The writer of Hebrews tried to remind the Jewish people about the promises of God which were about to be fulfilled in Christ.) (Obviously, the law was not a shadow of things that were IMMINENTLY “ABOUT” to come during the time the law was originally given. But those things WERE imminent and “about” to come at the time Hebrews was written. The OT prophets did not know the time nor the manner in which those things would actually occur which would later be NOW ABOUT TO COME in apostolic times.)

Heb 10:27 But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall [mello: is ABOUT to] devour the adversaries. (Again, the writer warned the Jewish people of their time to turn to Jesus Christ, otherwise they would face the wrath of God. Read Heb. 10:25-39. These verses are vivid.)

Heb 11:8 By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after [mello: was ABOUT to] receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither he went.

Heb 11:20 By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things [mello: ABOUT] to come.

Heb 13:14 For here have we no continuing city, but we seek one [mello: ABOUT] to come. (Clearly, this verse is speaking of the New Jerusalem after the Old Jerusalem would be destroyed and rendered obsolete. Read Heb. 11:16, Rev. 21:1-7, 9-10.)

Jas 2:12 So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall [mello: are ABOUT to] be judged by the law of liberty.

1Pe 5:1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall [mello: is ABOUT to] be revealed: (Peter understood and he was expecting the glory that was about to revealed. Remember, he was inspired by God. Read carefully in 1 Peter 1:4-13, 20; 2:6-8; 4:7.)

2Pe 2:6 And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned them with an overthrow, making them an ensample unto those that after should [mello: were ABOUT to] live ungodly;

Rev 1:19 Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall [mello: are ABOUT to] be hereafter; (In Rev. 1:9-20, these passages are “The things which thou hast seen.” In Rev. 2:1-3:22 are “The things which are,” and then in Rev. 4:1-22:5 are “the things which are ABOUT to be hereafter.” There are only three sections and notice the last section was about to take place in John’s generation. Read Rev. 1:1, 3; 22:6, 7, 10, 12, 20. We must NOT attempt to explain away the statements of imminence. That is the rule of the interpretation. Some try to use 2 Peter 3:8 (“that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.”) to interpret the overwhelming abundance of the statements of imminence. However, their hermeneutic is unacceptable.)

Rev 2:10 Fear none of those things which thou shalt [mello: art ABOUT to] suffer: behold, the devil shall [mello: is ABOUT to] cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.

Rev 3:2 Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready [mello: ABOUT] to die: for I have not found thy works perfect before God. (Mello rendered “ready” here is acceptable.)

Rev 3:10 Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall [mello: is ABOUT to] come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.

Rev 3:16 So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will [mello: am ABOUT to] spue thee out of my mouth.

Rev 6:11 And white robes were given unto every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellowservants also and their brethren, that should [mello: were ABOUT to] be killed as they were, should be fulfilled.

Rev 8:13 And I beheld, and heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, Woe, woe, woe, to the inhabiters of the earth by reason of the other voices of the trumpet of the three angels, which are yet [mello: ABOUT] to sound!

Rev 10:4 And when the seven thunders had uttered their voices, I was about [mello: ABOUT] to write: and I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Seal up those things which the seven thunders uttered, and write them not. (Amazingly, the translators are quite happy to render “mello” here as “about”…yet elsewhere, they seem to go out of their way to render it anything BUT “about” apparently so as to avoid any sense of imminency or urgency and make the passage eschatologically neutral or futurist.)

Rev 10:7 But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall [mello: is ABOUT to] begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets.

Rev 12:4 And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready [mello: ABOUT] to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born. (“Ready” or “about” are both acceptable here for mello. And there is no eschatological difference.)

Rev 12:5 And she brought forth a man child, who was [mello: is ABOUT] to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne. (It is clearly about Jesus who was caught up to God and His throne in heaven, not on the earth. In John’s vision, Jesus was about to rule with a rod of iron.) (The translators chose to render mello here simply as “was” instead of “is about to.” This is a highly suspicious omission.)

Rev 17:8 The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and shall [mello: is ABOUT to] ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition: and they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is. (When mello is rendered properly here, this passage becomes a strikingly clear statement of imminence as this was a direct prophetic interpretation from one of the Seven Angels given to John ABOUT the vision as it unfolded before him.)
Here is a quote from Eusebius, the Christian historian in the late third century. This is what he wrote about James, the brother of the Lord, when James was in trial with the Jewish leaders, “And he (James) answered with a loud voice, ‘Why do ye ask me respecting Jesus the Son of Man? He is now sitting in the heavens, on the right hand of great Power, and is about to come on the clouds of heavens.’ in Eusebius’ Ecclesiastical History, p. 77 (emphasis mine).
So, the Preterist view is consistent with the Scriptures. Let the Scriptures interpret the Scriptures. Check the Greek words and some historians, and you will find the Preterist view has the strongest case against any other eschatological views. I don’t know how the Futurists would defend themselves with these passages which I have shown. We ought to “be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, handling accurately the word of truth” (2 Tim. 2:15).
The Reformed Futurists (Amillennialism, Postmillennialism or Historic Premillennialism) cannot defend their eschatological views with dispensationalism, Charismatic and Pentecostal churches, Arminianism, Judaism, Liberal Theologians and the cults because they have some holes. Once the Reformed churches come into the full Preterist view, they will be able to defend the truth against the members of these false religions, and they will be able expose them with their errors. Reformed Preterists can make a big difference, no matter what others will think.
What do you think [about] all of this so far, especially after examining the Greek word “mello”? Hopefully this will help a lot and cause you to rethink the reasons for your eschatological view.
This study of “mello” has opened my eyes to the real possibility of eschatological bias on the part of scriptural translators for the King James Version of the bible. There are many places throughout the New Testament where “mello” is translated as “about to” in places where, to do so, has no eschatological connotations. Yet, in nearly ALL places where “mello” does have eschatological significance, a decided futurist or neutral rendering was used. The KJV translators quite consistently avoid properly rendering “mello” as “about to” in any scripture passage where the reader might possibly conclude by such rendering there was a strong, urgent sense of “imminence” with regard to fulfillment of prophetic statements and events expressly and exclusively within a first century time-frame. In my view, this is prima facie evidence of the presence of a decidedly futuristic eschatological bias. Whether such bias was intentionally and consciously applied during the rigors of translating holy writ, I cannot say. If it was done consciously and intentionally, then I would like to give the KJV translators the benefit of the doubt as to whether malice was also a factor. My instincts tell me that a futurist eschatological bias, while most likely applied consciously and intentionally, was probably not applied with malicious intent. It may also be that such a bias was applied subconsciously. However, all these questions aside, one cannot deny that the end effect of such futuristic biases in scriptural translation is to obscure, if not OBLITERATE, a wealth of ENORMOUSLY VITAL PROPHETIC TRUTHS. Truths regarding the timing, nature, and the PRESENT REALIZATION of the Kingdom of God have thus remained entirely undetected by the great majority of those who boldly profess that entrance into the Kingdom of God is the very PRIZE, the “Pearl of Great Price”, which they so earnestly seek. It is, then, of utmost importance and urgency that we continue to “study to shew ourselves approved unto God, rightly dividing the word of truth.” In doing so, we must not study with “rose colored glasses” on merely with the goal of protecting our pet eschatological or theological presuppositions. Instead, we must let SCRIPTURE interpret SCRIPTURE and seek to use the most honest and truth-worthy hermeneutics possible. If, in the process, our closely held “beliefs” fail to stand up to the truth we find in scripture, after having been “rightly divided,” then let our petty and unscriptural “beliefs” DIE and, as it is written, may GOD be true, but every man a LIAR.

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